Why vegans and vegetarians are threatened by a risk of fracture?

The followers of new food systems, in this case vegetarianism, veganism and veganism are becoming more numerous in all communities, especially in Morocco. This dietary choice, which prohibits the consumption of animal products to a certain extent, can increase the risk of fractures among its consumers.

The recommendations of this mode of food are very different from one expert to another. For some, veganism, generally speaking, is a system that includes less saturated fatty acids and cholesterol and more carbohydrates and fiber which are beneficial to health.

However, according to data from the EPIC Oxford Cohort, the Oxford component of the European Prospective Survey of Cancer and Nutrition, the risk of fractures among vegans and, to a lesser extent, vegetarians, is higher than in people with an omnivorous and varied diet.

After 17 years of follow-up and nearly 65,000 participants, the Epic Oxford cohort has done what no study has done before”, explains Doctor Hafid Halhol, nutritionist and founding president of Nutri Leading at MoroccoLatestNews.

For “estimate the risk of fractures according to the diet of individuals, the subjects were divided into four groups”, he indicates.

He pursues: ” the first group includes 29,380 subjects representing meat consumers, the second has 8,037 who are consumers of fish but no meat, the third totals 15,499 people who opt for vegetarianism and therefore consume neither meat nor fish but eggs and dairy products, and the last group includes 1,982 vegans“.

The nutritionist doctor specifies that “compared to meat eaters, vegans had higher risks of fractures (all sites combined, +43%), hip fractures (+131%), leg (+105%), collarbones (+ 59%) and vertebrae (x 150%). Fish eaters and vegetarians only had a higher hip fracture risk (+26% and +25%, respectively)” emphasizing that “ the diet followed could explain this situation“.

However, the authors of the study conducted by the Oxford Component conclude that the increased risk of fractures in vegans could be partly explained by a lower average Body Mass Index, insufficient calcium and protein intakes and probably a deficiency in vitamins B12 and D due to a lack of complementation.

For his part, Doctor Halhol adds that ” dAdditional analyzes point to particularly high fracture risks in vegan, post-menopausal, thin, non-physically active women. And regarding hip fracture in vegetarians, the risk is higher in those over 50.“.

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