UNICEF: 11 global crises need support in 2023

Millions of children face an unprecedented convergence of crises every day in forms as diverse as conflict, migration, climate change, epidemics and soaring malnutrition rates and now need the most humanitarian aid, alerted the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

The situation of children, all over the world, is disastrous due to the succession of crises, in addition to climate change which makes the situation even more aggravated. However, UNICEF seems certain to be able to come to the aid of this vulnerable category, but it depends on a ” flexible funding from partners and donors” which will enable the Fund to “react quickly… while preparing for future threats”.

Indeed, UNICEF was able to identify 11 emergency situations, for which resources are insufficient. South Sudan has experienced unprecedented flooding destabilizing families, destroying crops and wiping out the food resources on which the population depended. The Fund says the country is facing rising hunger and malnutrition, particularly in flood-affected areas, which would lead to severe starvation if humanitarian aid is not forthcoming.

Yemen is also concerned. Since the beginning of the conflict 8 years ago, more than 11,000 children have been killed or maimed while more than 2 million children suffer from acute malnutrition. It should be noted that UNICEF provides vital support in the field, particularly in the area of ​​health and nutrition. Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods have proven to be one of the most effective tools in the fight against malnutrition across the world.

As for Haiti, political and civil unrest, gang violence, poverty and natural disasters, all accumulated, represent the deadly combination threatening many families, not to mention the episode of the advent of cholera in 2022.

UNICEF has nevertheless managed, despite the risks, to work, in collaboration with its partners, to intensify efforts to protect families against cholera, by distributing water purification kits and tablets and transporting drinking water by truck. It has also been able to organize campaigns to screen children for wasting to ensure that those who need help can be treated at mobile clinics and other facilities.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the emergency situations defined by the Fund, given that the escalation of armed conflicts and recurrent epidemic episodes have a significant impact on the situation of children in the country. According to UNICEF, the DRC is the country with the largest number of internally displaced people in the world.

Regarding Pakistan, the floods that devastated the country in 2022 have aggravated the situation of children, noting that several regions, including cultivated lands, have been completely destroyed. Nearly 8 million people are still exposed to floodwaters and still need immediate life-saving assistance, the Fund says.

In addition, these crises and emergencies also concern Burkina Faso, with 60% of children affected by political fragility and climate impacts, Myanmar with some 5.6 million children in need of assistance, Palestine who have suffered for several years from serious violations of children’s rights.

Added to these are Bangladesh, a country where children face epidemics and malnutrition, Syria, representing one of the most complex emergencies in the world due to the conflict and Kenya suffering from the worst drought for about 40 years, leading to scarcity of food resources, which in turn lead to famine weakening the body and immune system of children.

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