The return of Sahrawis from Tindouf must be the subject of a "long-term strategy"

The Moroccan authorities must now think about putting in place a plan for the return of Sahrawis from the Tindouf camps. An orderly return will consolidate development efforts in the southern provinces.

The inevitable question of the return of the Sahrawi populations held in Algeria in the Tindouf camps will have to be the subject of a national strategy to organize their reintegration into life in Morocco after decades of living in difficult conditions and under the pressure of a separatist movement and several generations of inhabitants of the Tindouf camps, knowing nothing about Morocco.

While the southern provinces have experienced significant development and transformations in recent years, the work to set the conditions for the return of the populations of Tindouf should continue.

In this context, the President of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (CESE), Ahmed Réda Chami, invited during a study day organized by the group of deputies of the USFP (socialists), placed under the theme: ” The developments of the national cause and the efforts of the parallel diplomacy”, underlined the multidimensional achievements in development in the southern provinces and said that “the development of the southern provinces requires a long-term strategy and optimal management of the resources”.

He invited the private sector to join this dynamic for the creation of wealth and employment opportunities through the promotion of private investment.

The president of the ESEC called on the Moroccan authorities to “put in place a proactive strategy to manage the return of the Moroccan population from the Tindouf camps”, considering that the new development model dedicated to these provinces, which places the human element at the heart of its concerns, and the reform of the social assistance system to make it fairer and more efficient, will promote the integration of these populations.

Ahmed Reda Chami explained that during the development of the development model project for the southern provinces, several objectives were identified, including the establishment of a framework for integrated and sustainable human development, the break with the strategy in the short term and the adoption of the principles of sustainability.

According to him, the creation of private employment opportunities, wealth, and the reform of the social assistance system, will greatly contribute to this dynamic in the southern provinces.

The development model project includes a new vision, based on the establishment of an independent economic and social dynamic, as well as on the reduction of inequalities and the development of an integrated dynamic in full respect of the cultural and regional heritage, said the EESC president.

He thus underlined that the Economic, Social and Environmental Council has set 4 objectives over 10 years which consist of doubling the GDP of the regions of the South and creating more than 120,000 new jobs through the mobilization of 17 billion dollars in investments, to halve the unemployment rate among young people and women, to involve the local population in the preservation and management of natural resources in these regions in order to benefit from them in a sustainable manner, and to promote the attractiveness of the region to establish it as an African hub and strengthen its connectivity with the rest of the regions of the Kingdom and internationally.

At the legal and human rights level, the President of the National Human Rights Council (CNDH), Amina Bouayach, explained that Morocco has voluntarily decided to reflect the interaction of the State’s will to with regard to the different community and national dynamics to ensure the conditions for democratic transition, to look into the management of human rights in all regions, particularly the southern provinces, and to apply the bases of the transitional justice by repairing the damage, revealing the truth and preserving the memory, within the framework of the consecration of democracy.

She recalled in this respect the role of the body she heads, which allows her, according to the law, to have protectionist interventions and allows her to visit places of deprivation of liberty, explaining that the last Council adopts ” the strategy for the effectiveness of rights which was approved by the general assembly in 2019, with a view to expanding the area of ​​rights and freedoms”.

And to add that the Council examines automatically or after complaints, everywhere in Morocco, in accordance with the national and international reference of the legal field and that of the defense of human rights and in accordance with the benchmarks of neutrality and independence, the all legal issues.

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