How instability in the Sahel weighs on the Maghreb security balance

Threats to security in the Sahel region weigh on the Maghrebian security balance and they come from the depths of Africa, caused in particular by ethnic conflicts and the multiplication of military coups.

According to Abdelouahed Oulad Mouloud, researcher in international relations and African affairs, the various reasons for the ambient instability in Africa and its repercussions on the countries of the north of the continent, recalling the efforts made by Morocco to repel threats from the region.

In a research document, the specialist explains the profound transformation of the geographical space of African Sahelian countries, thus becoming rear bases for various terrorist organizations, organized crime, for irregular migration, drug and arms trafficking and ethnic conflicts.

This situation has been amplified due to the atmosphere of security and political instability prevailing in several countries of the continent which are undergoing ethnic conflicts, suffering from the multiplication of military coups and power struggles.

And this, continues the researcher, fuels threats to the Maghreb region, which sees drug gangs and others finding refuge on their borders in Saharan areas, particularly in the Sahel.

Given the vastness of the area, and the difficulty of controlling its borders and the predominance of the state fragility index in the region, these gangs find fertile ground for the circulation of drugs and trafficking. of human beings on a global scale, argues the academic.

This choice for the African Saharan zones, adds the professor at Qadi Ayyad University, is explained by changes in the global strategies of drug marketing, smuggling and traffickers, moving from the American continent, in its northern and southern parts to other geographical areas exploiting security and geographical gaps such as in the Sahelo-Saharan region.

Regarding the effectiveness of the Maghrebian vision in establishing a security approach for the region, the author noted that Algerian politics faces a set of challenges in the field of security in the Sahel region, because Algeria’s relations with the countries of the Sahel are characterized by fragmentation and lack of continuity.

In this regard, he cites the example of Algeria’s opposition to foreign intervention in northern Mali, without however proposing effective solutions to resolve the crisis.

As for Morocco and its strategy to repel threats, the researcher referred to international reports that value Morocco’s security policy in the region in the fight against violence, extremism and terrorism, stressing that in these reports, it mention is made of the association of elements of the Polisario with radical groups active in North Africa and the Sahel.

In addition to the Kingdom’s intelligence work in the field of terrorism in the Sahel region, he said, the Moroccan approach has focused on a number of areas and more particularly, in the area of ​​”spiritual security” as an element basis for uprooting the roots of extremism and religious extremism of radical groups in the region.

Previous Post Next Post