Assegas amegaz 2973: Id-Yennayer celebrated in Morocco in due form

Like every year, the Amazigh community in Morocco will celebrate, this Friday, January 13, the Amazigh New Year or Id-Yennayer, a traditional ancestral festival present in North Africa for several centuries.

Friday evening will mark the 2972nd year of the agrarian calendar, the day of which also corresponds to the first day of January of the Julian calendar which is shifted by 13 days compared to the Gregorian calendar.

The determination of this date is based on a significant event in the history of the Amazigh people, an indisputable historical fact which makes it the zero point of the calendar. His choice fell on the year 950 BC, which corresponds to the date on which the Berber king Sheshonq or Chichnaq I occupied the throne in Egypt to found the XXII dynasty which reigned until the year 715 BC. It thus represents the first date of Berber history, according to the Berber Academy.

Thus, Id-Yennayer is a very widespread festival in North Africa which brings together the entire Berber community celebrating this day with a set of particular rituals, customs and traditions which combine the preparation of traditional meals and the organization of artistic parades. and cultural highlighting the Amazigh identity.

Id-Yennayer is a very old traditional ritual in North Africa. In the Amazigh language, it means “Yan” and “Ayyur”, meaning the first month of the year. It is a celebration that is very old and linked to the local Amazigh culture and agriculture, since the Amazigh communities in North Africa are divided into two, noting that they are agricultural communities. Amazighs who take care of agriculture and others of pasture“, explained the Amazigh activist, Abdellah Bochtart.

The activist told MoroccoLatestNews that ” Id-Yennayer has been linked in particular to agriculture since antiquity, and the Berbers are considered to be an ancient society, which the oldest historians have talked about and they called them at the time the Libyans. At this stage, the Amazigh person used to organize the weather and the seasons of the year according to the activities he was doing, and because of this the Amazighs had started to celebrate this festival by preparing different dishes according to what the earth offers as food “.

Indeed, the Id-Yennayer table varies from one region to another. Families often gather around Ourkimena traditional dish from the Tafraout region made from veal trotters (or without) and several types of starch cooked over low heat all night,TagoullaWhereTarwayta particular dish from the Souss region consisting of a puree made from barley or cornmeal and eaten with olive, argan or amlou oil and can be garnished with dates, almonds or nuts, in addition to other equally festive dishes.

In the south of Morocco, so far, we are content to prepare dishes from Tagoulla or Assida since in these arid desert regions only barley is grown. But for the oasis regions, for example in Doukkala, although they do not speak the Amazigh language, they cook what is called Hagouza to celebrate the earth since it represents the symbol of fertility.Bochtart adds.

According to the Amazigh activist, Id-Yennayer commemorates the advent of an agricultural year which “is still celebrated in all regions of the Kingdom, whether they are speakers or not, by organizing several activities and preparing different traditional dishes and foods“.

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