a historic event rooted in the epic of the national struggle

The Moroccan people and the family of the national movement, the resistance and the Liberation Army celebrate, on Wednesday, the 79th anniversary of the presentation of the Manifesto of Independence, a historic event marking the epic of the struggle to recover the freedom and independence, national sovereignty and complete the territorial integrity of the Kingdom.

This anniversary, which appeals to the younger generations through the deep meanings it embodies, symbolizes the high values ​​of national awakening and the strong symbiosis between the Throne and the people to defend the constants of the nation and glimpse the future with confidence and serenity.

It offers an opportunity to pay tribute to the valor of the men of the national resistance and the members of the Liberation Army who sacrificed themselves to liberate the country from the yoke of colonialism and preserve the dignity and pride of the Moroccan people.

The Independence Manifesto included a set of political demands, including those relating to general policy and which provide, among other things, for the independence of Morocco under the reign of the legitimate Sovereign of the Kingdom Sidi Mohammed Ben Youssef and the accession of Morocco to the Atlantic Charter. The second part of the demands relates to the internal policy embodied by the determination of the Sultan to carry out a broad dynamic of reforms, based on a political system of the Shura similar to that of the Arab and Islamic countries likely to preserve the rights and duties of all the fringes of Moroccan society. This glorious anniversary refers to the history of Moroccan resistance over the centuries where the Kingdom was able to fight with strength, determination, courage and heroism all the expansionist desires which ended up dividing the country into colonial zones with the French protectorate in the centre, the Spanish occupation in the north and south and the maintenance under an international regime of the city of Tangier. This fragmentation of the territory made difficult the mission of the national movement giving rise to a long fierce struggle of the Throne and the people. This period was punctuated by sacrifices and decisive events, including the uprising against the dahir of segregation known as “the Berber dahir” of 1930, the presentation to the French government of a reform plan (1934 and 1936), then the presentation of the Independence Manifesto January 11, 1944.

During these different stages, the father of the Fire Nation SM Mohammed V never ceased to maintain the flame of Moroccan resistance and to guide its objectives, and this since his accession to the Throne of his glorious ancestors. November 18, 1927. The late Sovereign indeed embodied the values ​​of resistance and patriotism in his noble actions and his historic mobilizing speeches encouraging the Moroccan people to strengthen their ties to the constants of the nation and to preserve their identity. In this context of national fervor, the Anfa Conference of January 1943 was an opportunity for the late Sovereign to place Moroccan independence on the agenda, highlighting the effective participation of Moroccan soldiers alongside the allies in their fight against Nazism. The ambition formulated by Sultan Mohammed V during this conference therefore obtained the support of the United States of America, expressed by President Franklin Roosevelt who had considered it to be fair and legitimate. This event was the trigger for a new dynamic in the political process leading to the liberation of the Kingdom insofar as it instilled more courage and determination in the actors of the national movement to claim more rights, going as far as to claim of independence. This momentum of mobilization and fervor resulted in the emergence of a national awakening inspired and guided by the leadership of the late HM Mohammed V which gave rise to the Manifesto of Independence, enriched and nourished by the foresight of the late Sovereign and in which all the sensitivities and vital forces of the nation are represented.

This historic Manifesto was a real national revolution reflecting the patriotism of all Moroccans and their spirit of sacrifice and mobilization. This is concrete proof of the awakening of a people capable of taking their destiny into their own hands and continuing their march of liberation and progress in perfect symbiosis with the glorious Alawite throne. For the High Commission for former members of the Resistance and former members of the Liberation Army, the family of the national movement, the resistance and the Liberation Army, which proudly recalls this national epic rich in lessons, reiterates its unwavering support for the territorial integrity of the Kingdom and the Moroccanness of the southern provinces and its constant mobilization to counter the maneuvers hatched by the adversaries and the dangers which await the sovereignty of Morocco on its territory and which cannot accommodate conspiratorial aims or haggling .

The Kingdom, adds the High Commissioner in a press release, “will remain attached to the cordial ties, of cooperation and good neighborliness which unite it to its Maghreb space with the aim of building this regional building and realizing the aspirations of its peoples to the unity and shared prosperity, convinced of the need to find a peaceful, realistic and negotiated solution to put a definitive end to the artificial conflict around our southern provinces”, through the initiative of broad autonomy within the framework of sovereignty Moroccan.

It is this spirit that emerges from the tenor of the speech of HM King Mohammed VI on the occasion of the 47th anniversary of the glorious Green March in which the Sovereign affirmed: “We are celebrating this year the forty-seventh anniversary of the Green March at a time when the process of consolidating the Moroccanness of the Sahara has entered a crucial phase”.

The Sovereign added: “In its time, this glorious epic allowed the liberation of the despoiled land. From now on, the Marches that We carry out without respite have the vocation of ensuring to the Moroccan citizen the conditions of a dignified life, particularly in these territories that We cherish so much”, noting that throughout history, the Moroccan Sahara has constantly constituted a link between Morocco and its African depth on the human, cultural and economic levels.

Also, added HM the King, “the development effort that We are making in the Sahara allows us to consolidate this historic role in a firm and lasting way and, beyond that, to place it in a perspective resolutely turned towards the future”. , emphasizing that “this orientation is fundamentally in line with the very nature of the privileged relations uniting Morocco with the rest of the African countries, which we are keen to develop, in the best of the common interests of our brotherly peoples”.

Loyalty to the spirit and the eternal oath of the Green March, said the Sovereign, “requires that all Moroccans remain mobilized and vigilant in order to defend the national unity of their country, to promote its full development and to strengthen its attachment to its African depth”.

The celebration of the anniversary of the presentation of the Manifesto of Independence will be marked by a meeting, Wednesday morning, of the high commissionership for former resistance fighters and former members of the liberation army within the national space for the preservation of memory of resistance.

Other commemorative events will be organized by the various regional delegations of the High Commission in coordination with ministerial departments, public institutions, elected assemblies and civil society throughout the month of January.

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