The reasons for choosing the Caesar howitzer

The powerful French Caesar self-propelled howitzer, which triumphed in the conflict in Ukraine and of which Morocco has a few units, is a flagship of the French military industry which claims to be one of the most cutting-edge in the world. It should be remembered that France is one of the largest arms exporters in the world.

The Kingdom has acquired 36 French Caesar artillery pieces with the option of reaching 60 in the near future, as part of an agreement signed at the beginning of 2020 for a value of approximately 170 million euros plus another 30 for ammunition.

This operation is part of the efforts of the Royal Armed Forces to develop the Royal Artillery and is part of a program to modernize the country’s military arsenal. The Caesar is also a qualitative complement to the fire support of mobile infantry teams and rapid intervention teams for its ease of deployment and its great maneuverability according to the FAR-Morocco Forum. As mobile as it is agile!

The Canon Caesar was designed and manufactured by Nexter Systems (belonging to the Franco-German group KNDS). It is a 155 mm self-propelled howitzer equipped with a range of regular munitions, with guided cluster munitions capable of hitting various targets with high accuracy at a range between 4 and 42 km. It can be extended to more than 50 km for projectile firing and up to 80 km with delayed-fire propellant charges.

The gun is mounted on the back of an armored cab truck with engine (Renault Trucks) and chassis (Mercedes-Unimog), which gives it rapid movement and deployment, as well as incomparable operational efficiency.

The gun can be prepared for firing in less than a minute and can fire 6 rounds per minute. The howitzer also has an intelligent fire control system and advanced navigation systems that dispense with the use of measuring devices and surveying teams. The barrel is characterized by a hydraulic expansion system and a semi-automatic ammunition cocking system. In addition, it is capable of firing projectiles compatible with American guns, such as the M982 Excalibur, with GPS and inertial guidance.
French military experts are currently instructing the artillery elements of the Moroccan Armed Forces (FAR) on the commissioning and use of the French Caesar artillery system, for some time after the delivery of the first batch. To this end, the Royal School of Artillery had hosted, in mid-November 2022, an educational project of instruction and advice concerning their use. The training is delivered by French officers within the framework of cooperation between the two armies.

Another advantage of the Caesar is its maintenance cost. Indeed, it would be three times lower than that of a tracked self-propelled armored vehicle due to the ease of maintenance of the chassis. In June 2022, the French, Saudi Arabian, Belgian, Danish, Indonesian, Czech, Thai, Lithuanian and Ukrainian armies pledged to procure 418 pieces (109 for the French army, 309 for export).

Some 268 of these units (58 for France and 204 for export) have already been delivered and are in service with these armies. In this context, Spain has also expressed its interest in the Caesar system on several occasions. Among its identified needs is the 155 mm wheeled artillery system, the Spanish artillery not currently having this type of means, only possessing in this sense the veteran M109 of the same caliber and quite recently updated.

Previous Post Next Post