End of the Artemis 1 lunar rocket mission

NASA’s Orion spacecraft, launched to the moon as part of the Artemis I mission, returned to earth on Sunday.

The Artemis I mission, a 25.5-day uncrewed test flight around the moon, is intended to pave the way for future space missions.

The spacecraft plunged into the Pacific Ocean off the Mexican state of Baja California.

This inaugural flight, called Artemis 1 and without astronauts on board, was intended to test the giant Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and the Orion spacecraft to ensure that they could carry a crew safely to the Moon, from 2024.

The spacecraft traveled more than 2 million kilometers, the longest distance traveled by a spacecraft built to accommodate humans.

Artemis 1 is seen as the US space agency’s ultimate test that should lay the groundwork for deep space exploration.

In 2024, the Artemis 2 mission will carry astronauts to orbit around the Moon, without landing there. For its part, the crew of Artemis 3, a mission scheduled for 2025 at the earliest, should land on the Moon.

The last time humans landed on the moon was with the Apollo 17 mission in 1972.

For this return to the Moon, the program plans to send the first woman and the first person of color to the Moon.

This program, led by NASA, is based on international collaboration, including the European Space Agency (ESA), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and several partners commercial.

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