The Sharm el-Sheikh Agenda identifies 30 goals to build resilience

The Presidency of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27) on Tuesday unveiled the Sharm el-Sheikh Agenda for adaptation and building resilience for 4 billion people living in communities most vulnerable to climate change by 2030.

Identifying 30 goals to build resilience, the Agenda envisions accelerating transformative actions by countries, regions, cities, businesses, investors and civil society to adapt to the severe climate risks facing vulnerable communities, said the COP27 presidency.

It also offers holistic solutions that can be adopted at the local level to respond to local contexts, needs and climatic conditions, as well as to ensure the systems transformation needed to protect vulnerable communities from increasing climate risks, such as extreme heat, drought, floods and extreme weather conditions.

The moves come as several studies warn that almost half of the world’s population will be severely affected by the effects of climate change by 2030.

The Sharm el-Sheikh Agenda thus represents the first comprehensive Global Plan aimed at rallying state and non-state actors behind a common set of adaptation actions required by the end of this decade.

The adaptation plan notably revolves around the transition to sustainable and climate-resilient agriculture that can increase yields by 17% and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 21%, without expanding agricultural frontiers, while improving farmers’ livelihoods.

It also includes the protection and restoration of approximately 400 million hectares of forest areas (terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems) to support indigenous and local communities using natural solutions to improve water security and livelihoods and transform 2 billion hectares of land into sustainable management.

Speaking on the occasion, the United Nations Executive Secretary for Climate Change, Simon Steele, said that “the Sharm el-Sheikh adaptation program puts basic human needs at the center of its concerns, with concrete actions to build resilience to climate change”.

For his part, the Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sameh Choukri, President of COP27, underlined that the climate challenge is not only the prerogative of countries and governments, stressing the importance of encouraging and mobilizing all the parties to find solutions to this planetary phenomenon.

For his part, Mahmoud Mohieldin, Egyptian COP 27 Champion for Climate Action, underlined that the agenda was developed in partnership with a wide range of stakeholders, reflecting current science-based global goals and local initiatives.

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