The essence of the Algiers Arab Summit seen by a specialist

The Algiers Declaration punctuated the work of the 31st summit of Arab Heads of State which ended on Wednesday 2 November. It emphasizes the centrality of the Palestinian question and unconditional support for the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to freedom, self-determination and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state enjoying full sovereignty.

It stresses the importance of continuing efforts to protect the occupied city of Al-Quds and its sacredness and to defend it against unacceptable and reprehensible attempts at occupation aimed at altering its demographic composition, its Arab-Islamic and Christian identity. and its historical and legal status, hailing, in this sense, the role of the Al-Quds Committee and the Bayt Mal Al-Quds Agency in defending the Holy City and supporting the resistance of its inhabitants.

The national security of the Arab States, whether in terms of economics, food, energy, water and the environment, was also the subject of a consensus of the delegations present. Furthermore, the Declaration rejects any form of interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries. Regarding the crisis in Libya, the Declaration expresses the solidarity of the Arab States with the Libyan people and support for efforts to reach a Libyan-Libyan solution and organize elections as soon as possible.

The Arab Summit clearly underlined the importance of the Libyan agreement, signed in 2015 in Skhirat, as a general framework for the political resolution of the Libyan crisis, as well as that of the meeting of the Speaker of the Libyan House of Representatives and the President of the Libyan High Council of State to find a way out of the constitutional impasse and to stimulate a new dynamic in the inter-Libyan political dialogue.

Mustapha Tossa, journalist and political scientist based in Paris, gave an overview of this event for “ The question to ask is why more than a dozen of the most prestigious and influential Heads of State in the Arab world did not make the trip. The answer is clear, it is the mismanagement of Algeria, diplomatic errors and political discourtesy for agenda purposes which prompted these high personalities not to attend and each for their own reasons. “.

Mustapha Tossa welcomed the presence of distinguished guests such as UN SG António Guterres or the President of the African Union and President of Senegal, Macky Sall, but he regretted that another regional organization l The Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) in this case, was not represented at this Summit by its Secretary General Taïeb Baccouche, which reflects the full and perfect disorganization of this Arab summit.

Then, our interlocutor moves on to the Palestinian question of which Algeria wants to be the sole defender.“Going back to the history of the Arab Summits, Palestine has always been the main cause of these meetings and has always been at the top of the agenda“. For the political scientist specializing in the Maghreb and the Arab world, “ There was nothing new at this summit. The Algiers Declaration regarding Palestine refers to the Saudi initiative of the Beirut summit. But on the diplomatic and political lexicon, there was nothing new compared to the other summits which dealt with this subject.“.

From this summit in Algiers, he continued, “what we could expect were clear, even harsh diagnoses of what the Arab world is currently going through. On the other hand, we could not expect common solutions from the Arab countries simply because the Big Powers who decide are not there. And secondly, to have an important, effective, immediate solution, there must be unanimity, but that’s still a dream for the moment.“.

And Mustapha Tossa backs up his words:Indeed, each country comes with its own agenda to defend its interests. If we take for example, the question of water, how do you expect there to be consensus between Egypt and Algeria when each is struggling on its own side. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, one of only two influential Heads of State to be present in Algiers(with the sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani from Qatar)leads a vital showdown with Ethiopia (Renaissance Dam or Nahda).Algiers, it’s no secret, defends the Ethiopian project by supporting Addis Ababa and above all by campaigning against Egyptian interests. But this is unfortunately not the only example of discord in the Arab world. This is why there were no concrete or historical results or any notable acceleration of history that came out of this Algiers summit.“. At the next summit perhaps, in this case in Saudi Arabia which will host the 32nd edition.

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