The ESEC for the introduction of more drought-resistant cereal varieties

The Economic, Social and Environmental Council (CESE) has recommended the introduction of more drought-resistant cereal varieties, to preserve the country’s agricultural production and food security

Within the framework of the 3rd point of vigilance contained in its 2021 annual reportthe ESEC evokes “the need for a transformation of the agricultural ecosystem, bringing inclusion and resilience, given the recurrent droughts that threaten the country’s agricultural production and food security, feed its dependence on food imports and weaken the situation of rural populations, highly dependent on agricultural activities”.

Thus, he notes, and in order to act effectively on the main sources of obvious vulnerability of the agricultural ecosystem and small farmers to climatic hazards, it is necessary to:

– Study the feasibility of introducing cereal varieties that are more resistant to drought,
especially those widespread in Africa (millet, sorghum, etc.) and attach more importance to
the cultivation of barley, with all the subsidies and incentives required to develop these
cultures,

– Giving a central place to R&D (Research and Development) in the field of the selection of the most drought-resistant seeds and crops, as well as that linked to the use of fertilizers and irrigation. This requires strengthening the research budget in these areas and the financial and human resources of specialized research institutes,

– Improve farmers’ accessibility to inputs and selected seeds,

– Implement a broad and local awareness-raising policy on the need to
rationalization of water consumption and reorientation of crops to reduce exports
“virtual” water,

– Establish the resilience of rural incomes in the face of climate shocks through

  • the implementation of rural plans for the diversification of economic activities towards non-agricultural branches,
  • further support for the agri-food industry for better promotion of agricultural products,
  • a thorough revision of the aggregation formula in agriculture, and
  • a reduction in the cost of inputs for farmers via subsidies
    adapted during periods of excessive inflation.

In terms of governance, continues the ESEC, it is imperative that an ex-ante evaluation of the “green generation” plan be carried out and that intermediate evaluations be scheduled as the implementation of the said plan progresses and this , by independent entities.

It should be noted that the annual report of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council for 2021 includes 5 points of vigilance relating to the inflationary shock, the development of a competitive and competitive national pharmaceutical industry, the transformation of the agricultural ecosystem, the retirement, and the question of the energy transition.

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