RNP, RSU... All about the beneficiary targeting system

The beneficiary targeting system is one of the fundamentals of the overhaul of social protection. Designed to ensure simple and equitable access for all to social support programs, it is based on three main pillars, namely the National Population Register (RNP), the Unified Social Register (RSU) and the National Registers Agency ( ANR) responsible for managing this system. Explanations.

In its presentation note for the PLF 2023, the government indicated that the implementation of the RSU/RNP is in progress and their generalization will be carried out before the end of 2023. It is also detailed there that the RNP will be generalized before the end of 2022 and the RSU throughout the national territory before the end of 2023.

This, it is explained, will allow the start of the granting of family allowances on the basis of the eligibility criteria of the RNP/RSU system, and this, in parallel with a progressive decompensation and substitution of existing social programs.

The RNP is a digital register in which all national citizens and foreigners residing in the national territory can register. Each registrant is assigned a unique number called the digital civil and social identifier (IDCS). It is assigned to each person successfully registered with the RNP and, by its nature, allows the confidentiality of the characteristics of its holder to be preserved (age, gender, place of residence, nationality).

The IDCS is used as an interoperability link between the databases of public administrations, local authorities or public bodies that manage social support programs. RNP registrants benefit from the authentication service with the various social programs. This service makes it possible to compare the data declared during the registration procedures for these programs with those collected, recorded and updated in the RNP.

As for the RSU, it is also a digital platform where households wishing to benefit from social support programs register. It is based on the attribution of a socio-economic index to each household, which index is used to judge its eligibility for social programs. This system of targeting beneficiaries of social programs has three objectives, namely to allow easier access to programs, to make a fair choice of households based on objective criteria and thirdly, to achieve efficiency for a direct impact on the improvement of the living conditions of the beneficiaries.

To receive benefits from one of the social programs, each household must register its members with the RNP (once in a lifetime). Each individual is subsequently assigned a civil and social digital identifier. Free registration takes place in a citizen service center (Administrative annex, caïdat), knowing that mobile units will be set up in remote localities.

During registration, an image of the iris of the eyes is taken to ensure each person’s unique identity. In 24 hours, the registration is made with the sending of the IDCS to the person concerned by SMS, e-mail or even postal mail. But to shorten this period, it is recommended to pre-register on the dedicated portal www.rnp.ma.

Note that registration for the RSU is also done once in a lifetime. It can be done on the site www.rsu.ma or in an administrative annex or caïdat depending on the place of residence. Each adult member of the family can make this registration via a form specifying, among other things, the type of dwelling, durable goods or even the expenses for water, electricity and gas. Data which allow after their verification to define the socio-economic index of each household.

To benefit from one of the social support programs, specific registration is required, as is registration for the RSU, which is compulsory in order to be able to register for one of the programs. The management and definition of eligibility being entrusted to the competent entities.

The implementation of this system, it is recalled, will be preceded by a transitional phase until its gradual entry into force, but the beneficiaries will however retain their rights during this phase.

With regard to the principles of this targeting system, it should be emphasized that the unified social register, an unprecedented system designed in cooperation with the High Commission for Planning (HCP), is based on the allocation of a numerical index which reflects the socio-economic situation of each household and thus makes it possible to establish its eligibility for each of the social support programs.

The socio-economic index of the household is estimated on the basis of objective, measurable and verifiable socio-economic and demographic indicators. It is calculated according to a scoring formula developed by the HCP on the basis of national surveys of household consumption and expenditure. Furthermore, the eligibility threshold for each program is defined according to the objectives of the program and the means available.

To this, it should be added that eligibility in terms of the unified social register is also dependent on certain criteria, among others, the schooling of the children, widowhood or even disability.

Concerning the socio-economic index, it takes into account three criteria in this case, the demographic and socio-economic specificities of the household, the region of residence and the living environment, urban or rural.

Among the indicators used, we cite in particular the size of the household, the professional situation, the type of dwelling, the equipment, the current expenses (gas, electricity, water) or even durable goods.

All the data concerning the household are declared by the person registered in the unified social register and are instantly verified thanks to the connection of the RSU database with the systems of the partners, among others, the water distribution boards and agencies and electricity, telecommunications agencies, the National Road Safety Agency (NARSA) and the National Agency for Land Registry, Cadastre and Cartography (ANCFCC).

The declaring person is informed of his rating within 5 to 10 days by post or SMS.

Any family has the right to request a review of the score assigned to it by the National Registry Agency if this score does not allow it to benefit from social support programs, and this, through the establishment of a simplified review procedure, on the sole condition of making this claim within a period not exceeding 60 days from the date of receipt of the notice.

The system is governed by Law 72-18 and three implementing decrees relating to the creation of the National Registry Agency, the National Population Register and the Unified Social Register.

The operationalization of the national population register began in its pilot phase in December 2021 in Rabat and Kenitra before its generalization to all regions of the Kingdom from November.

To guarantee their security and confidentiality, all data is processed and used in compliance with the provisions of law 09-08 relating to the protection of personal data.

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