Inclusion of women and children: Morocco progresses 6 places in 7 years

In a world where inequalities persist, one in two children and more than one in three women experience different forms of social exclusion. This is what was revealed by the annual report “WeWorld 2022 Index: Women and children breaking down barriers to build the future” recently published by the American association ChildFund Alliance, aimed at monitoring living conditions of this population in about 170 countries including Morocco.

Since 2015, the annual index has identified the key building blocks for asserting and realizing the rights of women and children, uncovering low levels of inclusion from an economic, social and human rights perspective. According to Simon Whyte, Chairman of the Board of Directors of ChildFund Alliance, throughout these 7 years, “the world only improved by 1.4 points on the We-World index. This means that at this rate, it would take 182 years to achieve an adequate level of inclusion for women and children around the world.”, adding that “the world is not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and progress towards improving the lives of the world’s most vulnerable groups has slowed”.

However, Morocco is among the countries that have recorded an improvement in the world ranking, moving from 106th position in 2015 to 100th in 2022 with a score of 70.6. The Kingdom is followed by Botswana (102nd, 69.6), Egypt (103rd, 69.3), Iran (110th, 66.7) and South Africa (111th, 65.9), while Norway leads list and takes first place with a score of 91.3, ahead of Iceland (2nd, 90.6) and Sweden (3rd, 89.8).

The study was conducted taking into account several dimensions, namely the environment, housing, conflicts and wars, democracy and security, access to information, health, education, opportunities women’s economy…

According to the report, Morocco recorded the following percentages in terms of indicators: 1.96 in CO2 emissions per capita, 3.77 for people who died or were affected by natural and technological disasters, 90.4 for people using least basic drinking water services, 87.3 in terms of people using at least basic sanitation services, 1.24 in intentional homicide rate, an under-five mortality rate of 18.7, an unemployment rate of 3.43, a maternal mortality rate of 298, a percentage of 42.4 women in national parliaments and 20.2 for violence between intimate partners, women…

Furthermore, Simon Whyte points out that new and ever-changing risks currently affect millions of women and children, and they will inevitably affect an exponential number if nothing is done about them. He states that “the analysis presented in the 2022 WeWorld Index comes in to show why it is essential to make the voices of women and children heard, who are among the most vulnerable populations in the face of escalating global disasters”.

For Marco Chiesara, President of WeWorld, “ the report underlines that the great challenge of our time is to guarantee a future for boys and girls“, indicating that “ the impact of the war in Ukraine is not yet recorded in this edition, but it will probably become an important point in the next one“.

“What is clear from this edition is how the pandemic has affected the health sector, while fueling inequalities: distribution of vaccines only in the north of the world, online education that has disadvantaged or excluded entire groups of the poorest children. The result moves away from the goals of the 2030 Agenda and shows an increase in the exclusion of women and children in many countries. Women and children must be seen as both subjects and actors of change, and for this reason, local, national and supranational institutions must finally put their future at the center,” he adds.

It should be noted that the WeWorld 2022 index includes all countries (170) with a population greater than 200,000 inhabitants and for which data are available. It brings together exactly 30 indicators which relate to the constituent elements qualified as essential for the implementation of the rights of women and children.

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