This is what the draft Security Council resolution on the Sahara provides

The draft of the draft UN Security Council resolution on the Sahara insistently underlined the need for the involvement of all the parties to the dispute to resolve the file on the basis of a common understanding and following the efforts of the ‘Personal envoy of the UN chief, Staffan de Mistura. Clear progress is recorded in the lexicon and in the subjects raised.

The version of the UN Security Council resolution on the Sahara, of which MoroccoLatestNews has a copy, clearly reaffirmed the obligation of Algeria’s involvement in the same way as Morocco, the Polisario and the Mauritania in the political process. It mentions the only way to resolve the dispute, the qualities required and expected from the parties, confirms the efforts already made, signs the non-return, and advances the advantages of conflict resolution.

The text, which is to be put to the vote on October 27, emphasized the “continuation” of the political process initiated by the United Nations in accordance with the relevant Security Council resolutions and encouraged the work carried out by Staffan de Mistura, who will have to continue its visits and tours in the region to meet the stakeholders.

The Security Council thus encourages the continuation of consultations between the Personal Envoy, Morocco, the Polisario front, Algeria and Mauritania, and calls “to capitalize on the progress achieved”, which means that it there is no turning back.

The essence of the text maintains that the final solution to the conflict can only be achieved within the framework of negotiations between the 4 stakeholders with the round tables as a format and in a spirit of realism and compromise.

The nominal reference to the 4 actors is to be noted, since last year Algeria had refused to take part in the next round tables.

The draft once again recalls the need to adopt a spirit of compromise among the parties and does not mention the self-determination referendum at any time, either as a proposal or in the name of the Minurso observation mission which had inherited of this attribute when this option was considered.

Conversely, the text returns to the autonomy proposal of 2007 and indicates that it took note of “serious and credible Moroccan efforts” to advance the process towards the resolution and adds that it also noted the Polisario proposal, without however commenting on it or commend any efforts made by the separatist militia.

“Reaffirming its commitment to help the parties reach a just, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution, based on compromise”, the Security Council reiterated its call on Morocco, the Polisario Front, Algeria and Mauritania “to cooperate fully with each other” and stressed building trust, their involvement in the political process in order to move towards a political solution.

By alluding to “confidence”, the Security Council is once again targeting Algeria, given that the country severed diplomatic relations with Morocco the previous year and engulfed the two countries in a crisis of confidence in the fratricidal hints.

This crisis involves not only the two neighbors but also the entire region, and this has not escaped the notice of the Security Council, which has recognized that the search for a political solution to this long-standing dispute and the strengthening of cooperation between the Maghreb countries members of the AMU, “would contribute to stability and security, in turn creating jobs, growth and opportunities for all the peoples of the Sahel region”.

Finally, on the human rights aspect, the Security Council is worried about the situation of the inhabitants of the Tindouf camps, by expressing its deep concern “by the persistent difficulties with which the Sahrawi refugees are confronted, their dependence on with regard to external humanitarian aid”, while reiterating its request for a census of the refugees in the Tindouf refugee camps.

On the other hand, the SC welcomes the steps and initiatives taken by the Kingdom, as well as the role played by the commissions of the National Human Rights Council (CNDH) operating in Dakhla and Laayoune, and the country’s interaction with the special procedures of the United Nations Human Rights Councils.

In addition, the Security Council is moving towards the extension of the mandate of MINURSO for an additional year, i.e. until October 31, 2023.

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