the call for citizen involvement

The effects of climate change on all countries, and particularly those in the Mediterranean and Africa, are devastating. Morocco is a striking example of this since it ranks 23rd in the world among the countries most exposed and most affected by water shortages. Also, the urgency of the energy, economic and ecological transition has become more than ever an imperative imposed on all territories by the growing tensions over vital resources (energy, water, food, etc.).

The responses to these crises are in the hands of all actors, sectors and territories. They must be marked more strongly at the level of urban spaces which concentrate wealth (more than 80% of GDP), tells us the Association of Teachers of Life and Earth Sciences Morocco (AESVT). The association is launching the “National Week of Sustainable Cities 2020”, in partnership in particular with the Ministry of Energy Transition and Sustainable Development.

Urban spaces, continues the AESVT, ​​are powerful markets for renewable energies and new technologies. They are the centers of political and economic power, of civil organizations, of the emergence and diffusion of cultural movements. They consume more than 75% of energy and emit more than 80% of GHG emissions, and produce more than 50% of solid waste at the national level, while they cover only 3% of the country’s surface area.

The Kingdom is urbanizing, with a sustained acceleration in the growth of its urban population. From less than 8% at the start of the century, it has been multiplied by six since 1960 and by 46 in just over a century, rising from 440,000 inhabitants around 1900 to 20.4 million inhabitants in 2014 and it It is expected to reach 67.8% around 2030 and 73.6% by 2050.

The event is therefore an annual opportunity to reflect on the achievements and challenges of our urban entities (9 metropolises, 278 cities and 74 delimited centers), how the construction of their problems, and their possible solutions. It coincides with World Cities Day, celebrated every year on October 31, which this year will be organized in Shanghai, China, on the theme “Act locally to go global”. It will also be an opportunity, throughout the month of November 2022, to mobilize with all Moroccan state and non-state actors, to open and develop awareness and territorial debate, in order to provide answers to the major challenges, and they are many.

And the association cites governance that is unsuited to the challenges of cities and towns and to the expectations of citizens (slowness, delay, or postponement of reforms and emergency solutions… on which there is consensus), which favors the installation sustainable, even the acceptance of crises of cities and cities in crisis “. There is also the inability to provide quality services to the population, including the most essential services, related to their rights to mobility, to a clean and healthy living environment, to employment with projects and programs. The press release also regrets that territories are not on the way to the 6 principles of the sustainable city (ISO 37 101): Attractiveness, Social cohesion, Preservation and improvement of the environment, Resilience, Responsible use of resources and Well-being.

The association also deplores the continuation of a management policy with outdated approaches, few optimization and pooling systems calling for the circular economy, which creates jobs and wealth, reforms in the means of mass mobility, to better waste management. The National Week of Sustainable Cities 2022, from October 31 to November 6, will want to be an opportunity to make national territories, pillars of transformation, thanks to the voluntary actions of all territorial and national actors (elected officials, public, private, associative, academic, media, etc.), AESVT initiatives and the involvement and support of its committed partners.

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