Morocco's national action plan on women, peace and security highlighted at the UN

Morocco’s National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security was presented on Friday at the UN headquarters in New York by the Moroccan network of women mediators for conflict prevention and resolution, represented by Farida Jaïdi.

Speaking at a meeting on “women mediators in the front line: reflections and recommendations” organized in particular by UN-Women, Farida Jaidi, member of the network, indicated that Morocco launched its first national action plan on March 23, 2022, pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security.

This plan is based on a comprehensive and integrated approach involving all ministerial departments, national institutions, as well as the civil society organizations concerned, she noted, specifying that the plan is based on three main pillars.

Farida Jaidi first cited preventive diplomacy, mediation and peacekeeping, which aims to strengthen the role of women in preventive diplomacy and mediation and to support women’s access to decision-making positions in international and regional organizations while working for the full participation of women in peacekeeping operations.

The second pillar, she continued, relates to the promotion of a culture of peace and equality, the prevention of violent extremism and the fight against violence against women. On this subject, the speaker recalled that Morocco has to its credit important organizations in the field of the fight against violence against women.

In this context, she highlighted the Constitution of Morocco, which enshrines the principle of equality and parity, prohibits discrimination based on sex and guarantees the physical and moral integrity of the individual, as well as the partial reform of the penal code which criminalizes sexual harassment and domestic violence with the adoption of the law on human trafficking and the adoption of law 103-13 on the fight against violence against women which aims to monitor the perpetrators of violence, the prevention of violence, the protection of victims and their care.

She noted that the national policy to combat violence against women and girls by 2030 takes into account a new form of violence against women such as electronic violence, while recalling the establishment of the national commission for the care of women victims of violence responsible for communication and national coordination, as well as the implementation of the national observatory on violence against women which brings together the ministerial departments concerned, the organizations of civil society and research centres.

She also stressed the importance of the national observatory on the image of women in the media, the strengthening of listening and support centers for women victims of violence, communication and awareness campaigns, as well as social mobilization in the prevention of violence.

The national action plan, she maintained, will continue the efforts undertaken in terms of training mourchidate in particular in the prevention of extremism, which will thus enable them to play a role in the promotion of a culture equality and peace in society.

Farida Jaidi also highlighted the importance given by the Moroccan action plan to the economic empowerment of women, which has been at the heart of national public policies for two decades and which is another means of combating violence. This pillar of the national action plan, she said, strengthens women’s access to employment opportunities by developing their skills and creating an enabling environment for women’s economic inclusion.

The Moroccan network of women mediators for the prevention and resolution of conflicts was born from the desire of the founding experts to promote the role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts in application of resolution 1325, recalled Farida Jaidi.

The network aims in particular to support Morocco’s efforts to implement the national action plan in partnership with public institutions and civil society, to contribute to awareness-raising actions on the women’s peace and security agenda and its relevance to the – beyond conflict situations, namely peace, economic, food, social and environmental security, participate in the organization of training in mediation to increase the number of women mediators and strengthen their capacity and act at the regional and international level in order to promote dialogue and the culture of peace.

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