Morocco welcomes the adoption of resolution 2654, a resolution of "confirmation and evolution"

The Kingdom of Morocco welcomes the adoption, this Thursday by the UN Security Council, of resolution 2654 on the question of the Sahara, which extends the mandate of MINURSO for one year, until the end October 2023.

The adoption of this resolution comes in a context marked by the significant breakthroughs made, under the leadership of King Mohammed VI, in the file in recent years, said a press release from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“The growing international support of important and influential countries for the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative, the opening in LaĆ¢youne and Dakhla of more than thirty General Consulates, the non-recognition of more than 84% of the Member States of the United Nations of the puppet entity, as well as the economic and social development in the Southern Provinces, are as many illustrations of this highly positive dynamic”, underlines the ministry.

And to recall that “today, the new resolution, and while consecrating the previous achievements of Morocco, constitutes a resolution of confirmation and evolution”.

The ministry details in this regard that “it is a confirmation resolution which reaffirms the framework of the political process, its actors, and its purpose.

Thus, the text continues, “it is first of all a matter of confirming the framework of the political process, since the Security Council considered (in the preambular paragraph n°4 of the resolution) that the format of the “round tables is the only framework for discussion with a view to reaching a definitive solution to the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara. The resolution also mandated (in its operative paragraph n°3) the Personal Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations to “facilitate” the political process by “building on … the framework established by the former Personal Envoy”, namely the two “round tables” held in Geneva respectively in December 2018 and March 2019”.

“It is then a question of a confirmation of the actors of the political process, who assume a legal, political, and moral responsibility in the search for the solution. Thus the resolution called again (in its operative paragraph n°3) “Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania, and the “polisario” to remain committed to this process throughout its duration, in a spirit of realism and compromise, with a view to bringing it to fruition”. We note, moreover, that the resolution systematically cites Algeria each time there is a reference to Morocco”, points out the text, which also notes that it is a question of “confirmation of the purpose of the political process, since the resolution reiterated (in its operative paragraph n°2) that the political solution should be “realistic, pragmatic, lasting, and based on compromise”, which can only be the Moroccan Initiative autonomy, the pre-eminence of which was again reaffirmed by the Security Council”.

While being a confirmation resolution, further notes the ministry, “the text adopted today has devoted significant changes at least to two levels, that of the census and registration of the populations of the Tindouf camps on the one hand , and respect for the mandate of MINURSO in monitoring the ceasefire, on the other”.

Indeed, it is underlined in this sense, “the Security Council has (in preambular paragraph n°23) ‘again urged’ Algeria that the populations of the Tindouf camps ‘be duly registered, and emphasizing that it is important that all necessary measures be taken to this end”. The same request was addressed (in operative paragraph n°15) to the UN agencies to observe the “best practices” of the UN in the delivery of humanitarian aid to the populations of the camps. The Council thus confirmed the concerns of the international community regarding the systematic diversion of humanitarian aid intended for these populations, duly documented in reports by international organisations”.

“In addition, the resolution (in its operative paragraph n°8) expressly asked the “polisario” to allow “the resumption of the safe and regular resupply of MINURSO in order to guarantee the viability of the presence of the Mission”. Thus, the Security Council denounced the continuous violations of the “polisario” of the ceasefire in the east of the Moroccan defense system, contrary to the constant cooperation of the Kingdom with the UN Mission”, notes the MAE.

To conclude “Ultimately, and on the strength of its achievements and this constant line taken by the Security Council, the Kingdom of Morocco, as reaffirmed by King Mohammed VI, remains fully committed to supporting the efforts of the Secretary General of the “UN and its Personal Envoy aiming to relaunch the round table process, with a view to reaching a political solution, based on the Moroccan autonomy initiative and in strict respect for the territorial integrity and national sovereignty of the Kingdom” .

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