Morocco: REP contributes to the recovery of used plastic bottles

For its 12th edition, the Global Green Event 2022 by Pollutec, organized under the aegis of the Ministry of Energy Transition and Sustainable Development, has seen its exhibition sectors widened to present environmental solutions including the model of “extended producer responsibility” (EPR) for plastic bottles.

In terms of promoting sustainable consumption and production methods, the green and circular economy, Morocco is positioned as a leader in the Mediterranean region, thanks to the framework law relating to the National Charter for the Environment and Development established in 2010. The charter considers “waste management as a priority for sustainable development”.

It is in this context that the Department of the Environment at the Ministry of Energy Transition and Sustainable Development in Morocco is requesting support for the implementation of an action aimed at consolidating the foundations of the bottle management sector. used plastic “PET” based on the principle of REP.

According to the inventory carried out by the Department of the Environment, the potential annual reserve of PET bottles placed on the market is between 45,000 and 50,000 tonnes. The quantity of PET extracted is around 20,000 tonnes, or 45% of the reserve. About 66% of the plastic waste collected is in the city, while 34% is collected in landfills.

For an effective “configuration” of the EPR model for PET bottles, the Department of the Environment relied on a questionnaire addressed to manufacturers, recyclers and exporters as well as to public authorities. They have proposed a generalization of the model throughout the market through the collective responsibility of producers, which stipulates that manufacturers of the same type of product cooperate above all at the level of ecology, among other things.

According to the questionnaire, 75% of respondents emphasize that the environmental contribution to the recovery of plastic bottles must be articulated according to prevention, recyclability and the introduction of a part of recycled PET in the production processes. .

EPR will contribute to raising awareness among stakeholders of the need to control the use of natural resources and limit their depletion. By recovering waste, the model will thus allow the integration of the concept of the circular economy. Industry and its instruments will take part in improving the environment and public health through their recycling actions.

However, the development of a roadmap is in progress. This describes the steps before finalizing the REP model. The ministry concerned specifies that for a tangible implementation of extended producer responsibility for PET bottles, several elements must occur, including the approval of the revision of law 28-00 which stipulates in its article 5 that the the use of waste recycling products in the manufacture of products intended for direct contact with foodstuffs is prohibited, the development of regulatory texts specific to the recycling of waste, in particular PET, determination of the amount of financial contributions from producers on the PET market, determination of specifications for collective and individual responsibility of producers, creation of model contracts between entities in this sector.

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