Will the Polisario really "silence the guns" as the AU wants?

In a final press release from the general secretariat of the separatist militia polisario, the armed organization adopts a more conciliatory tone with regard to the cessation of the use of weapons, an express request from the African Union which dates from 2020.

The tone contrasts with the usual declarations of war by the Polisario and its propaganda organs. This time, Brahim Ghali, the leader of the Sahrawi separatist militia armed and financed by Algeria slipped in a phrase that was anything but innocuous.

In its press release, the Polisario calls for “cooperate to implement the African Union summit resolution to silence the guns, which called on the two member states of the African Union to conduct direct negotiations”. Blowing hot and cold, he signifies later in the text that the armed struggle will continue.

You have to go back to December 2020 to understand the meaning of this sentence. The African Union had held an extraordinary summit with the main theme “silencing the guns” on the continent.

The Polisario, as a member of the AU had participated while at the same time, the militia had just taken Moroccan truckers and their goods hostage at El Guerguerat, the crossing point linking Morocco to Mauritania.

For more than 20 days, armed militia members blocked commercial traffic between the two countries, leaving Mauritanian and West African markets without food. Meanwhile, and to calm Nouakchott’s anger, Algeria sent these same foodstuffs via two planes from Algiers, thus proving who is the instigator of this trade blockade operation.

During the extraordinary summit, the AU had expressed its “deep concern at the escalation of military tensions” in El Guerguerat, especially since when, after nearly a month of blockade, Morocco intervened to free movement of people, goods and merchandise, the Polisario announced its unilateral withdrawal from the ceasefire signed in 1991. The Kingdom, for its part, indicated that it remained committed to the ceasefire and peace .

Since then, the Polisario and Algeria have repeatedly claimed that the ceasefire was dead for them, and that the separatist militia therefore considered itself in a situation of war. Communiqués reporting military operations on the Moroccan border, and the killing of Moroccan soldiers were issued almost daily as a result.

At the end of July, the African Union Commissioner for Political Affairs, Peace and Security, the Nigerian Bankole Adeoye, went to the Tindouf camps in Algeria, the rear base of the Polisario command.

During his visit, the latter spoke of fruitful and enriching meetings with the representatives and assured the readiness of the AU to help pave the way for peace. This would partly explain the new tone adopted by the leader of the separatist militia.

Brahim Ghali, in this press release, also responds to an increasingly pressing demand from the populations sequestered in the camps for a solution to this dispute, while the leaders of the militia seem to want to perpetuate a situation, to say the least juicy.

The leader of the polisario militia is currently in turmoil due to struggles between the various representatives and founding members of the organization, clans are waking up against the sick leader who has just been transferred to South Africa for medical treatment , a year after two months spent in intensive care in Spain under false identity, at the origin of the diplomatic crisis with Morocco.

In recent weeks, the Polisario and Algeria will try to get people talking again, by organizing new manifestations of hostility. The reason for these forthcoming initiatives is hidden in a practice that has become habitual, consisting in recalling to everyone’s bad memory, on the eve of the October meeting for the examination of the Sahara file at the level of the Security Council of the United Nations where a resolution must be adopted.


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