Nearly 73.4% of young people have never worked and 70.4% are long-term unemployed

Since 1999, the world has celebrated International Youth Day on August 12 every year, with the aim of drawing international attention to youth issues and celebrating the potential of young people as partners in society. On this occasion, the High Commission for Planning (HCP) published an information note containing indicators and statistical data on the category of the Moroccan population aged 15 to 24 years.

This note from the HCP shows that 16.3% of young people aged 15 to 24, and which represents 5.9% of the Moroccan population (16.2% of the total population in 2021), are employed either 962,000 young people, against 7.6% who are looking for a job (448,000) while 76.1% are outside the labor market, i.e. 4,478,000, underlines the HCP in its note before specifying that the three quarters of young people outside the labor market (75.5%) are pupils or students and 21.1% are housewives.

Thus, the HCP notes in its note that more than 6 out of 10 young people, or 64.6%, have an average level diploma, 20.6% a higher level diploma while 14.8% have no diploma.

While the Casablanca-Settat region concentrates almost a fifth of young people aged 15 to 24 (19.1%), the note underlines that young people are characterized by a low participation in working life with an activity rate of 23 .9% in comparison with the whole population where this rate reaches 45.3%.

This youth activity rate, continues the HCP, stands at 28.9% in the countryside against 20.6% in the cities, noting that this rate is three times higher among young men (35.4% ) than among young women (12.1%).

Over the past five years, the note underlines that the decline in the activity rate is more pronounced among young people, while their rate has fallen by 4.3 points, compared to 1.4 points for the population as a whole in working age (15 years and over).

The sector of agriculture, forestry and fishing » sees the presence of more young working people with a share of 43.6%, followed by « services “(32.8%) and” industry » (12.9%), can we read.

The most dominant status among its young active workers aged 15 to 24 is paid employment, with a share of 48.6%. According to the HCP, this salaried status remains more frequent among young working city-dweller women, with a share of 86% against 65.2% among their male counterparts.

As for the self-employed, they represent 9.6% of young working people, 11% among men and 4.1% among women, while family aids represent 37.3% of youth employment, with a peak 82.6% among young rural women, underlines the HCP.

Coming thus to the quality of youth employment. The note indicates that more than 4 out of 10 working young people (41.9%) are in unpaid employment, rural people with 58.8% more than city dwellers (16.9%) and women with 49.9% more. than men (39.7%). In addition, it is indicated that 14% of young employed workers have a casual or seasonal job, 16.7% among men and 5% among women.

What is distressing, can we observe in the note of the HCP, is that a little more than 7 young employees out of 10 (73.2%) have no contract formalizing their relationship with the employer, 13 2% have a fixed-term contract, 6.5% an open-ended contract and 7.1% a verbal agreement, while the share of young employees with no contract amounts to 79.3% among men against 48.3% among women.

With regard to unemployment among young people aged 15 to 24, it is indicated that almost 3 out of 10 unemployed people (29.7%) are young people, while almost 3 out of 4 young unemployed people (75.8%) live in urban areas (67.3% are men and 90.1% are graduates).

At the national level, the unemployment rate reached 31.8% for young people aged 15 to 24 against 13.7% for people aged 25 to 44 and 3.8% for people aged 45. or more.

On the other hand, the unemployment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 with a higher level diploma stands at 61.2% according to the same source, noting that it is 30.4% for young people with a diploma. a medium-level diploma and 12.9% for those with no diploma.

In urban areas, the youth unemployment rate is more predominant and among young women, underlines the HCP, noting that it peaks at 46.7% in urban areas against 15.9% in rural areas. Similarly, the unemployment rate of young women is 13 points higher than that of men (41.9% against 28.4%), we can observe.

Another indicator revealed by the HCP is the unemployment rate, which is more pronounced among young people. It is thus indicated that between 2019 and 2021, this rate increased by 6.9 points compared to 3.1 points for the entire working population.

In its note, the HCP did not fail to point out that youth unemployment is long-term unemployment and initial integration, revealing that 70.4% of unemployed young people have been unemployed for a year or more, and nearly three quarters have never worked (73.4%).

The other shocking indicator is the rate of young people aged 15 to 24 who are unemployed and uneducated. At the national level, the HCP reveals that more than one in four young people in this category of young people (26% or 1.5 million) are not working, are not in school and do not follow any training while nearly 73.4% of them are young women, of whom 41.3% are married and 65.7% have a diploma. In rural areas, about 81.7% of this category are young women, the note raises.

Among the population of school age in qualifying secondary education (15 to 17 years), some 12.6% (270,000 people) do not work, are not in school and do not follow any training indicates the HCP.

The note specifies that this proportion is 19.5% among girls (198,000 people) and 6.5% among men (72,000 people). Among young people aged 18 to 24, this proportion reaches 33.5% (1,259,000 people), 49.1% among girls (925,000 people) and 17.8% among men (335,000 people).

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