The Moroccan population is expected to reach 45 million in 2050

In 2030, the Moroccan population should reach 40 million inhabitants then 45 million by 2050 according to a medium scenario for the evolution of the fertility rate, as revealed by the latest UN report, published on the occasion of World Population Day, yesterday Monday.

Entitled “ World Population Prospects 2022 “, the report indicates that the Moroccan population in 2022 is estimated at 37.46 million inhabitants, and should reach its peak in 2070 with 46.54 million inhabitants, before observing a decline in 2100 to settle to 43 million inhabitants, recalling at the same time that the Moroccan population in 1950 was around 8.9 million, before dropping to 20 million in 1980 then 30 million inhabitants in 2004.

We also note in this report that the proportion of citizens aged over 65 will increase over the coming decades, reaching four million in 2030 before reaching the highest figure in 2070 with around 10 million, compared to 2, 89 million currently.

The age group between 25 and 64 gets the biggest share, with more than 18 million currently. This age group will exceed the 20 million mark in 2030, reaching its highest percentage in 2050 and settling at 23 million people, the report continues, before declining slightly thereafter to settle at 20 million. of people.

Regarding newborns, Morocco currently records an average of 640,000 births per year, the report says, noting that this figure is expected to decrease to 522,000 in 2050 and then to 390,000 in 2100.

With regard to annual deaths, they are currently around 216,000 per year. But according to the report, it is expected to increase over the next few decades to reach 410,000 in 2060 and around 520,000 deaths per year by 2100.

Overall, the world’s population is expected to reach 8 billion on November 15 before rising to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050, according to the latest United Nations projections which estimate the population to peak. of about 10.4 billion people during the 2019s and to remain at this level until the year 2100.

The same report, released on World Population Day, says world population is growing at its slowest rate since 1950, falling below 1% in 2020.

Today, two-thirds of the world’s population live in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman, roughly the level required for long-term zero growth for a population with low mortality says the report, noting that the population of 61 countries or areas is expected to decline by 1% between 2022 and 2050, due to the persistence of low fertility rates and, in some cases, high emigration rates .

Similarly, the report indicates that more than half of the projected increase in world population until 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries namely Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania.

Another key statistic shared in the UN report concerns countries in sub-Saharan Africa, which are expected to contribute more than half of the projected increase through 2050.

The relationship between population growth and sustainable development is complex and multidimensional said Liu Zhenmin, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs.

Rapid population growth makes it more difficult to eradicate poverty, fight hunger and malnutrition, and increase the coverage of health and education systems. Conversely, achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially those related to health, education and gender equality, will help reduce fertility levels and slow global population growth. added the senior official.

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