the EU wakes up to a new reality long pointed out by Morocco

The storming of the metal fence at Melilla by illegal immigrants was a human tragedy in view of the number of deaths and injuries recorded both among immigrants and among the ranks of Moroccan law enforcement.

These events brought to light a reality on which Morocco has constantly sounded the alarm bell, calling on the international community to mobilize its efforts to counter the progression of illegal immigration.

The European Union (EU), the Kingdom’s main partner in the management of migration affairs, has taken note of the challenges the Kingdom faces on a daily basis, and the sacrifices it makes to fulfill its commitments vis-à-vis the phenomenon. migration.

The Moroccan-Spanish borders have become, in fact, the privileged refuge of networks of illegal migration and human trafficking, particularly in the North of the Kingdom. These clandestine networks make a fortune on the backs of immigrants and extract large sums of money from them by taking advantage of their precariousness, their despair and the instability that reigns in their respective countries.

The extreme violence of the assailants and the assault strategy, studied and executed with an almost military rigor, denote a high sense of organization and planning that contrasts with the classic methods employed in previous attempts at illegal immigration. Consequently, this dangerous phenomenon, if not dealt with at source, will in future constitute a real threat to the security of transit and host countries.

In this regard, Abdelfattah Naoum, a researcher in political science, considered that the events in Nador mark a “very dangerous escalation” with regard to illegal immigration and human trafficking networks, stressing that these phenomena constitute a security danger. precedent which is of great concern to European policy makers.

The political scientist pointed to a new form of illegal immigration which resorts to violence, assaults and criminal acts, adding that the criminal aspect is not only linked to the multiplication of human trafficking networks which are in the pay of foreign parties, but also relates to “the assistance provided to criminals to facilitate illegal immigration which has extremely serious security consequences”.

It is these new challenges that led Morocco and the EU to launch, on Friday in Rabat, a renewed partnership on migration and the fight against human trafficking networks, during a meeting between the Minister of Interior Abdelouafi Laftit, the European Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson, and the Spanish Interior Minister Fernando Grande-Marlaska, as part of the regular Morocco-EU political dialogue.

The political scientist noted that this tripartite meeting confirms the vision “relevant and insightful” of the Kingdom in the management of the migration issue and the importance it attaches to it, recalling that Morocco has never ceased to draw attention to this phenomenon and that it has always been a bulwark against illegal immigration, faithful in this to its international commitments. Thanks to its constant cooperation, its experience and its security system, the Kingdom has become the sole reference in Europe for everything relating to the fight against human trafficking through immigration. .

“Moroccan-Spanish-European cooperation should take pragmatic forms that combine the human, social and development dimensions in terms of drying up the sources of illegal immigration in exporting countries, in addition to the practical dimension relating to the fight against security threats linked to these new forms of immigration, he considered.

As part of this global approach, adopted and advocated by Morocco, the Kingdom has always been careful to distinguish between the victims of this scourge, which absolutely must be protected, and the human trafficking networks, which must be combated. firmly, he said, noting that Friday’s meeting did not fail to welcome the efforts made on the ground by Morocco to thwart tens of thousands of attempts at irregular immigration to Europe and rescue large numbers of immigrants trapped at sea.

Morocco’s migration governance is based on a “humanist logic” which is sometimes, unfortunately, perverted by the criminal actions of human trafficking networks. It is this “humanist” logic that presides over the National Immigration and Asylum Strategy (SNIA) launched in 2013, which enshrines the solidarity and inclusive approach inscribed in the eminently African vocation of the Kingdom.

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