The CNDH challenges the African Union and formulates its proposals

The CNDH information commission has issued its preliminary conclusions on the tragic events that took place in Nador on the border with Melilla. It calls on the African Union to assume its responsibilities.

According to the commission, the first (unofficial) conclusions indicate that the deaths of the migrants were caused by the jostling at the level of the crossing point chosen by the migrants.

As a reminder, the fence separating the two cities was stormed by nearly 2,000 men at the same time who climbed on top of each other, resulting in the death of people at the base of the human chain formed.

The commission made several preliminary proposals to prevent further tragic events from happening again. The CNDH nevertheless stresses the importance of deepening the judicial investigation to include all aspects of the clashes, including the proportionality of the use of force, and strengthening cooperation between the authorities concerned in order to in the face of the proliferation of groups specializing in human trafficking.

In this regard, the Council recalls the importance of “publish the results of the investigation and determine responsibilities”. The CNDH calls to a review of the measures for maintaining order in the fenced area and ensuring the safety of migrants”.

It recommends that the Moroccan authorities initiate new consultations with the European Union to set up a real and shared partnership, in terms of common responsibility and management, on a basis that would allow full implementation of the provisions of the Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration and regrets that the issue of migration is managed at global level according to an exclusively security-based approach, in particular with regard to migrants from the Middle East and Africa.

The African Union Commission is called upon to play a role in proposing measures to ensure a serious engagement of governments in the management of migration at the Continental level so as to guarantee the safety and dignity of the citizens of the continent.

And recommends that it ensure the implementation of the provisions of the Protocol aimed at preventing, suppressing and punishing trafficking in persons, as well as the provisions of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.

Regarding the message addressed to the authorities, the CNDH emphasizes “the need to ensure the protection of migrants and asylum seekers against the networks of traffickers in human beings, in particular by ensuring humane living conditions” and by accelerating the adoption of the draft law relating to asylum and the conditions for its granting, so as to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Moroccan constitution and international standards relating to the protection of refugees.

It also calls for guaranteeing the security of migrants and the obligation to respect, whatever the circumstances, the principle of proportionality during the interventions of law enforcement, in order to protect the physical integrity of migrants, either during the climbing of the fence by a large number of migrants or during attempts to force border crossings.

Finally, the CNDH recalls that there are currently major changes impacting migratory dynamics, and“Sounds the alarm about the exponential evolution of the migratory phenomenon caused by poverty, drought, conflicts and climate change”.

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