Transparency Morocco seizes Aziz Akhannouch

As part of its mission to fight against corruption, Transparency Morocco presented this Tuesday, June 7 at a press conference, the memorandum on the priorities of the fight against that it addressed to the head of government, Aziz Akhannouch.

First, the members of Transparency Morocco explained in their memorandum addressed to the Chief Executive that the 2011 Constitution was adopted in response to calls from Moroccan youth who took to the streets to demand an end to the system. corruption and rent.

It is within the framework of this constitution which gives civil society organizations the right to express themselves on public policies that Transparency Morocco called on Aziz Akhannouch, in his capacity as head of government.

The association thus expects Akhannouch’s government to clarify its positions and set out its anti-corruption policy, “if there is one”specifies Transparency, asking the head of government: “what are your priorities? How do you plan to reactivate the implementation of the national anti-corruption strategy? What would be your conflict of interest and illicit enrichment policy? How do you intend to strengthen the resources of the probity body for the prevention and fight against corruption (INPPLC) in order to ensure its independence and effectiveness? How to make the law on access to information really effective? How to protect whistleblowers from corruption in view of the emptiness of law 37-10 promulgated in 2011, and what are your proposals to make the current law of declaration of assets efficient? ….“.

So many questions that the Association and with it the national public opinion ask themselves and whose answers will make it possible to measure the will of the government to act and to make credible its proclamation on the fight against corruption as a national priority, specifies the memorandum. .

Barely a few days after the inauguration of your government, your first act was to withdraw the draft amendment to the Penal Code which introduced into Moroccan law the criminalization of illicit enrichment. All the reactions converged on your government’s desire to exclude this offense from future amendments to the code or to empty it of its substance. This withdrawal was followed by the withdrawal of the bill regulating the occupation of the public domain. This premonitory attitude was confirmed by the declaration of your Minister of Justice wanting to legislate to prohibit civil society organizations from denouncing the presumed corrupt by pretending to ignore the stipulations of the constitution, the laws governing the judicial system and the conventions international agreements ratified by Morocco in this areapoints out Transparency in its memorandum.

In this sense, the Association reminded the Chief Executive of Morocco’s sad score in the 2022 version of Transparency International’s corruption perception index, which was 39/100, placing Morocco in 87th place. place among 180 countries, with a drop of 4 points in its score and 14 places compared to that of 2018.

This level of generalized systemic corruption, the association continues in its memorandum, is experienced by citizens on a daily basis, in hospitals, before the courts, in public services, at universities, noting that even the entrepreneur encounters it. in its path for investment or in that of access to public markets.

Six years after the adoption of the national anti-corruption strategy in December 2015, Transparency Morocco stresses that the results of its implementation are more than hopeless.

The Association thus puts forward certain salient characteristics of this strategy, in particular the fact that the national commission for the fight against corruption chaired by the head of government was only established in November 2017. Since then, it has only met twice, whereas the decree of its creation provides for at least two meetings per year.

In addition, the Association raises the almost total disengagement of ministers from the implementation of the strategy and its relegation to lower administrative levels as well as the non-availability of budgetary resources and the domination of the administrative approach which most often consists of producing flyers.

To this end, Transparency Morocco, and with the components of civil society qualified to express public opinion and citizen participation, wanted to draw the attention of the Head of the Executive to a set of priorities for which the government could assume the leadership consistent with the judiciary, which would take charge of overseeing compliance with the law, starting with the reinforcement of ethics and independence within it.

Among these urgent priorities, Transparency Morocco proposes the preparation and promulgation of the law regulating conflicts of interest and lobbies to avoid the exploitation of leaks that undermine fair competition and good governance in application. of article 36 of the 2011 constitution.

Rehabilitate the Competition Council by limiting interference in its constitutional attributions and by erecting obstacles to the exercise of its attributions, starting with the application of the financial penalties owed by the companies in connection with the hydrocarbons file, after the shortcomings committed by the said companies have been noted by the parliamentary commission, the control bodies and the professional organisations.

Set up the structures of the INPPLC by appointing the members of its council in collaboration with the dedicated constitutional bodies to provide it with competent and honest executives and the financial resources necessary to discharge its attributions with efficiency and independence as well as the criminalization of illicit enrichment in accordance with internationally recognized standards and best practices, knowing that the bill withdrawn from parliament has been under discussion for six years.

Revise the asset declaration law by including access to related information not only for monitoring and control bodies, but also for any interested person. The review should include key public affairs officials with digital disclosure consistent with requirements regulating conflict of interest and illicit enrichment in accordance with international good practice.

Revise Law No. 37-10, promulgated in 2011, on the protection of whistleblowers of corruption by protecting the professional careers of employees in the public and private sectors to encourage them to report suspicious acts to which they are exposed without fear for their situation and their future or even ensure the commitment of all administrations, public establishments and local authorities to apply as soon as possible and with the required qualities the provisions of Law 31-13 on access to information, in particular the requirements proactive publication.


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