The PPS proposes a law to "limit clandestine abortion"

The claim file on the right to abortion resurfaces in Morocco after a bill signed by the deputies of the Party of Progress and Socialism (PPS). But the mores of Moroccan society are tough.

It was by advancing the argument of women’s health and the danger of clandestine abortions, which are numerous in Morocco, that the PPS proposed a law to “to limit the proliferation of clandestine abortion”.

The text calls on the Ministry of Health and Social Protection to put an end to the disastrous conditions in which abortions are carried out in Morocco because of their ban.

The proposed organic law authorizes any adult woman to have an abortion if she wishes, within a statutory period of 90 days. In the case of underage girls, they should need the consent of one of their parents or legal guardian.

The PPS explains that “Hundreds of operations are performed every day in unhealthy conditions that represent a real danger to women’s health” and stresses the need to make medical intervention in this sense legal.

The party’s proposal remains strict, however, because women should, according to him, apply to be able to access this health service. Physicians should have “three days of reflection and consultation” before making their decision and proceeding with the act.

Concerning adult women or minor girls who have suffered rape or incest leading to pregnancy, they must also indicate the reasons for their request.

In Morocco, women do not have the right to abortion, and therefore do not have the right to dispose of their bodies. In the event of an unwanted pregnancy, they are forced to carry it to term despite the pressure from society and the violence they may suffer.

This situation has pushed many women, in the past, to leave their place of residence to hide in other cities before abandoning the child or giving it away. Nowadays, these practices are less and less widespread since women cannot afford to leave their jobs and no longer consider forcing themselves to carry a child and parting with it.

While the legislation is extremely strict to frame the cases where abortion would be authorized, there is a legal vacuum and a lack of care for pregnant women whose pregnancy is unwanted.

Society, for its part, remains very closed to the idea of ​​authorizing women to dispose of their bodies, despite the psychological, physical, health and social suffering that women find themselves alone to bear.

Religious arguments motivate these positions, in the first place, but it is also and above all a question of the fact that macho society is historically known for placing women under the tutelage of men and is closed to the idea of ​​total independence from wife.

The Minister of Justice, Abdellatif Ouahbi, himself made this observation, explaining that if the laws drawn up at the ministry have a masculine trait it is because they “were written by men”.

Several institutional blockages prevent women from accessing full rights, particularly in terms of individual freedoms, but above all concerning their freedom to dispose of their bodies.

In 2015, a royal commission composed of the CNDH and the Superior Council of Ulemas, responsible for carrying out consultations on abortion, declared in its report that “the overwhelming majority (of the population) favors the criminalization of illegal abortion”.

The Superior Council of Ulemas also gave its opinion on the decriminalization of abortion in 2019, believing that the laws will not be changed. This law only allows abortion in cases of rape, incest, or malformation, or when the pregnancy represents a danger to the health of the mother, but again, the text has been blocked in Parliament since 2016.

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