Spain's strong fear of irregular migration from Algeria

With the suspension of the “good neighbourliness” treaty, de facto alarms have been triggered and the fear in Spain of a greater migratory flow, as fewer exchanges of information and intelligence with Algeria, are increasingly more obvious.

The issue of migratory pressure, it is an open secret, was the most relevant factor for Pedro Sanchez in his decision to support Morocco and resolve the dispute with Rabat. However, this same problem promises to become the main headache for the Spanish Executive in the months to come after the rudeness of Algiers to suspend the good neighborliness and cooperation treaty signed with Spain in 2002.

It is that in it appeared in its article 12 ” that Algiers and Madrid will continue their cooperation in the control of migratory flows and the fight against human trafficking”, we have known for a long time that this was never the scenario expected of Algiers, which machine-gunned the Balearic Islands and the region closest to Algeria in the Iberian Peninsula Almeria of its candidates for illegal migration without batting an eyelid .

If we add to this that since the disagreement announced by Algiers with Spain, Moroccan sovereignty over the Sahara obliges, that since the beginning of last April there have been no more repatriations of irregular migrants arriving in Spain by sea c is the total. Indeed, there is little doubt that Algiers will now play the migration card with the summer and its favorable conditions, not to say suitable for navigation in the Mediterranean. Algiers, which does not know where to put a desired indignation in the face of the Spanish position in the conflict of the Moroccan Sahara, no longer knows which saint or Syed to turn to to make the falseness of the thing heard.

It is very clear that in recent years, especially since the arrival of Dame Covid, Algeria has been the main country for sending migrants to Spain. ” We must take into account the possibility of a marked increase in arrivals in Spain “, explained to La Razón José Carlos Cabrera Medina, consultant in migration policy. “And we’re not talking about the future, it’s already a reality“, decided the specialist.

On the other hand, professor of international relations at Complutense University and specialist in Algerian issues, Laurence Thieux, estimated “difficult to make a prediction on what this Maghreb country will use or not “, specifying:“But if Algeria decides not to monitor, there are and there will be more and more candidates for illegal immigration given the context of the economic crisis that the country is going through”,made a point of specifying the interlocutor La Razon. Assuming that the relationship will deteriorate between Madrid and Algiers given that “the regime of Algiers is very angry with the government of Pedro Sánchez, the senile of Algeria & co, will use the migratory option against Spainexperts have warned.

An Algerian political scientist, Oualid Kebir, not to name him, indicated that Morocco is constantly putting pressure on Spain through “mass migrations“. In your dreams would we say. These are only pious wishes that the Algerian authorities and the emissary of Algiers for the Moroccan Sahara and the countries of the Maghreb, Amar Belani, do not fail to recall.

In short, unlike the Canarian route, taken mainly by sub-Saharans and Algerians and Moroccans, much less known than those which have the Mediterranean as their starting point, the Algerian harragas pay between 3,000 and 4,000 euros to get on the so-called taxi-boats from Algeria to destinations on the east coast of Spain and which are more sophisticated and faster than the boats which usually leave from the Moroccan coasts on all shores.

It is an epidemic flow that is being built from the Algerian coasts. The figures attest that the arrivals of irregular migrants from Algeria are clearly increasing towards the main destinations of falls which are the routes through the waters of the Mediterranean towards the Balearic archipelago, the autonomous community of Murcia and the provinces of ‘Almeria and Alicante. In the first five months of this year, a total of 2,824 immigrants arrived on the Spanish coast, including the peninsula and the Balearic Islands – in particular Cabrera, southern Mallorca and Formentera -, which became the first destination criminal networks operating on the Algerian road.

Despite this, the Minister of the Interior Fernando Grande-Marlaska assured this Thursday that, thanks to the measures put in place since then, Spain is protected from any possibility of an increase in irregular entries from this country. of the Maghreb. However, and despite the Executive’s optimism, the arrivals recorded by sea to the Balearic archipelago and the Peninsula – mainly linked to the Algerian route – have continued to increase throughout this year, on 29 in March, 551 in April and 609 in May, hence the great fear regarding the maritime calm of the summer season.

To back this up, in the first half of 2021, more than 70% of irregular immigrants arriving on the Spanish coast did so from Algeria. Coincidentally or not with the announcement by the Algerian authorities of the suspension of the friendship treaty and the freezing of trade with Spain, 113 people arrived last Wednesday on the Balearic coast aboard half a dozen small boats. Highest number in one day so far this year. It promises !

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