Morocco's latest IPE, a wake-up call to be taken seriously

Out of 180 countries, Morocco ranked 160th in the global Environmental Performance Index (IPE) for the year 2022, with a very low rate of 28.4 out of a hundred, which means that the Kingdom, despite all the efforts made, is not close to achieving the objectives of environmental policies.

According to the same index, Morocco ranks 164th in the vitality of ecosystems indicator, 123rd in the areas of health and the environment and 135th in climate policies, with a score of 28.4 out of 100 in most categories.

On the scale of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), the country could not gain advanced position. It ranked 14th out of 17 countries included in the index, while the United Arab Emirates is 39th globally, followed by Djibouti, Jordan, Comoros and Kuwait.

Joined by MoroccoLatestNews UKMohamed Benata, agronomist, Dr in Geography, President of ESCO, founding member of ECOLOMAN and fervent defender of the environment considers that the IPE is a “serious” index, unlike certain indices which rank Morocco on a par with Denmark.

In this index, the experts based themselves on 40 indicators. And each indicator is scored from 0 to 100 depending on the state of the country. If the latter is a good student, he has a good grade, if not, he has bad grades.“, analyzes Benata.

For Morocco, the agricultural engineer notes that there are indicators where the country has improved and there are others where it has deteriorated in terms of the environment, which has made it lose points. Among these indicators, Benata notes those related to wetlands and grasslands, which are reserves of biodiversity. According to him, ” Morocco has slaughtered wetlands and grasslands all over the Kingdom, and as a result, it has made us lose points“.

These indicators, on which the IPE bases itself to rate a country, caused us to lose more than 200 points. Another factor contributed to Morocco’s fall in this index is that there are countries that have improved their score by making efforts, hence this deterioration in Morocco’s ranking in the EPI, which traces the reality of the environmental situation in our country“, laments Benata.

Moreover, he recalls in this sense that the Moroccan experts did not stop shouting loudly that we must respect wetlands and grasslands and carry out reforestation to improve environmental conditions.

In order to improve this score and precisely remedy this catastrophic environmental situation that the country is experiencing, Benata believes that Morocco must first implement the commitments and international treaties it has signed on respect for biodiversity.

When you sign an international convention on respect for biodiversity, you undertake to honor it. Except that here, they are doing quite the opposite. For example, they are building a dam at Mechraa Hammadi. If this dam is built, know that the south of Moulouya will be destroyed, as happened with the basins of Oum Rbii, Tansift, Draâa and Souss“, warns the engineer.

In addition, Benata also mentions the “lack of expertise” and “ignorance” of certain officials in charge of the water sector in Morocco.

I was surprised this week by a statement by a senior official, at a forum in Casablanca on the environment, who said that we have no right to let a drop of water go into the sea. This sentence shows that this individual knows nothing about biodiversity and the environment. If we don’t let any drop pass into the sea, as this official says, we will condemn all fish ecosystems like the Chabel, which need to pass from the Oued to the sea and vice versa to survive. And these ecosystems, if we destroy them, we will not be able to save them or repair them even with billions of euros “, explains the expert.

Today, Morocco must apply its commitments vis-à-vis the international community, namely the protection of the environment, biodiversity and wetlands.

The engineer also calls for “leaving the waterways alone”, noting that the dams are made to regulate floods and floods. ” But the +normal+ watercourses, which constitute an +ecological flow+, have a role to fulfill in achieving a natural balance that is beneficial to both animals and humans, and it is a balance that ‘we must not break up’, he specifies.

To conclude, Benata believes that it is absolutely necessary to review our current water policy, according to Morocco’s commitments. ” If this is not done, we are heading straight for the wall. And if we destroy our biodiversity, we destroy the future of Morocco. Those who do not have knowledge must seek it to understand what biodiversity is, and ecological flow. It is about life, and the future of man“, concludes the expert.

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