74th, Morocco gains 5 places

Morocco ranked 74th in the world in the Global Peace Index (GPI) for the year 2022, published by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), after scoring a total of points from 1.969. The Kingdom thus garners 5 ranks, its classification for the title of 2021 being 79th.

Being 74th out of 163 countries, Morocco is sixth in the North Africa and Middle East (MENA) region, behind Qatar (23rd), Kuwait (39th), Jordan (57th), the Emirates Arab States (60th) and Oman (64th).

In Africa, the Kingdom is ranked 7th behind Ghana (40th), Botswana (48th), Zambia (56th), Malawi (65th), Namibia (68th) and Rwanda (72nd).

Furthermore, the results of the 2022 Global Peace Index show that the average level of global peace has deteriorated by 0.03%. Although slight, this is the eleventh deterioration in peace in the past fourteen years, with 90 countries improving, 71 deteriorating and two remaining stable in peace, highlighting that countries tend to deteriorate a lot faster than they improve.

Additionally, the IEP, an international and independent think tank, points out that:

• Deaths due to external conflicts recorded a sharp deterioration caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

• Despite recent commitments, militarization has improved in 113 countries since 2008.

• Terrorism continued to improve, with 70 countries recording zero attacks in 2021. This is the best result since 2008.

• Rising costs have increased food insecurity and political instability around the world. , with Africa, South Asia and the Middle East being the most threatened.

• The scale of political terror, political insecurity, relations with neighboring countries, refugees and internally displaced persons have reached their worst score since the creation of the GPI.

• The global economic impact of violence was $16.5 trillion in 2021, or 10.9% of global GDP, or $2,117 per person.

• Iceland remains the most peaceful country, a position it has held since 2008. It is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Ireland, Denmark and Austria.

• For the fifth consecutive year, Afghanistan is the least peaceful country, followed by Yemen, Syria, Russia and South Sudan.

• Seven of the top ten LPI countries are in Europe, and Turkey is the only country in this region to be ranked outside the top half of the index.

Regarding the impact of the war in Ukraine on peace, he notes that two of the five countries with the greatest deteriorations in peace were Russia and Ukraine, and that social media is changing the way people information is collected, now being shared instantly, raw and with little analysis.

Contrary to the global trend, positive sentiment in Ukraine increased in 2021. Support for the West was strong, with 58% wanting to join a Western economic union and 54% backing NATO membership, it notes

The report also notes that since 2008, the level of global peace has deteriorated by 2%, with 75 countries registering a deterioration, while 86 have improved, the average level of global peace has deteriorated for nine of the last 13 years, the gap between the least peaceful and the most peaceful countries continues to widen . Since 2008, the 25 least peaceful countries have declined by an average of 12.1%, while the 25 most peaceful countries have improved by 4.3%, and the conflict in the Middle East is the main driver of the deterioration world of peace since 2008.

Of the three areas of the MPI, two showed deterioration, while one improved. Ongoing conflict deteriorated by 6.2% and safety and security deteriorated by 2.5%. However, militarization improved by 4.2%, IE¨P notes, noting that the trend of improvement in militarization was widespread, with an improvement in 111 of the 163 countries covered by the GPI. 87 countries have reduced their military spending as a percentage of GDP, although military spending has increased in absolute terms.

2020 Global Peace Index Key Trends

• The average level of global peace deteriorated by 0.34% on the 2020 GPI. This is the ninth time in the past 12 years that global peace has deteriorated.
• Over the past year, 80 countries have recorded deteriorations in peace, while 81 have recorded improvements.
• The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region remained the least peaceful region in the world.
• Europe remains the most peaceful region in the world, although it has seen a slight deterioration in peace.
• Tranquility improved on average in the Militarization domain, but deteriorated in the Ongoing Conflict and Safety and Security domains.
• The global economic impact of violence was PPP$14.5 trillion in 2019, or 10.6% of global GDP or $1,909 per person.

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