21 days of isolation is enough for healthy adults to recover

A first confirmed positive case of monkey pox, Monkeypox, was recorded this Thursday, June 2 in Morocco. According to the Ministry of Health which made the announcement, it is a case from one of the European countries which was followed within the framework of the protocol established since the launch of the global health alert.

The information raised several questions and concerns among citizens. Requested by MoroccoLatestNews, Dr Tayeb Hamdi, doctor, researcher in health policies and systems, gave us several explanations about this first case. “imported” as he calls it.

Epidemiologically, this is a case contaminated abroad and detected in Morocco. The second level of transmission is when locally infected cases are found after contact with a case imported from abroad. The 3rd level is when it comes to detecting infected cases at the national level unrelated to travel or cases from abroad“, explains the specialist.

This therefore proves the effectiveness of the surveillance system put in place by Morocco and other countries, underlines Dr. Hamdi, noting that the heart of this system is awareness and information of the citizen.

Whenever there are symptoms of the disease (fever, pain, headache, skin spots, etc.), you must consult a doctor. And there are directives that have been given to health professionals to take charge of suspected and probable cases, and to do the necessary analyzes to confirm or deny ”he said.

After the detection of this first case in Morocco, the patient was isolated and taken care of by the competent authorities. On the medical level, Dr. Hamdi tells us that the patient is followed closely and takes the necessary treatments which are comfort and lesion treatments.

Generally, healthy adults recover spontaneously without any problems. But it takes three weeks of isolation to break the chain of transmission and ensure that the infected person is negative and no longer contagious. After his 21 days, the symptoms, in particular cutaneous, disappear and the patient is no longer contagiousexplains Dr. Hamdi.

Concerning the contact cases, the specialist explains that there is a “tracing” which is carried out in this sense which consists in examining his contact cases through the realization of the necessary analyzes to see at what level has spread or has stopped contamination.

Still on the medical level, Dr Hamdi indicates that it is possible to vaccinate contact cases at risk only (health professionals having examined the patient without taking the necessary measures, person close to the patient or having had intimate relations, or person having exchanged personal effects with the patient…), and not the entire population.

There is no vaccine or specific viral treatment for monkeypox, since throughout its years there were only a few very rare cases reported outside of the 11 countries in central Africa and the United States. West known to harbor animals that are infected and transmit the virus to humans”he said.

At WHO and laboratory level, the specialist confirms that there are 3rd generation vaccines against smallpox, more effective and with fewer adverse effects, noting that this disease was eradicated in the late 70s through vaccination. “By the way, it was the first disease and the last so far that has been eradicated thanks to vaccination.“, he specified.

Vaccines and antiviral treatments that were used against smallpox have been shown to be 85% effective. So it is possible to vaccinate at-risk contacts against smallpox“, he added.

Now, should we accentuate the restrictive measures and tighten the screws? Asked about this point, Dr. Hamdi believes that this first case should not worry.

” VSa must not rush restrictive measures since this is a virus that has been known for almost 70 years. We have the vaccines and it is a virus that does not spread as easily from human to human. When it touches a person, it responds to symptoms (fever and others), but also signs on the skin which facilitates the diagnosis, either for the infected person or the entourage which makes it possible to break the chain of transmission. easily“, he explains.

In this regard, Dr Hamdi recommends to remain very vigilant and to respect the barrier measures and the basic rules of hygiene (hand hygiene, clothing, avoid exchanging our personal tools, etc.), and above all, to consult each time that there are symptoms that could suggest the disease.

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