What we know so far

Monkey pox or Monkeypox, several cases of which have been detected in Europe and North America, is a disease originating in Africa, which is generally cured spontaneously. Monkey pox, Monkeypox or “simian orthopoxvirus” is a rare disease whose pathogen can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa.

When the virus reaches humans, it is mainly from various wild animals, rodents or primates for example. Human-to-human transmission is limited, says the World Health Organization (WHO). Its symptoms resemble, in less serious, those which one observed in the past at the subjects reached of pox: fever, headaches, muscular pains, dorsal, during the first five days. Then appear rashes (on the face, the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet), lesions, pustules and finally scabs.

Monkeypox monkeypox is believed to be transmitted initially from direct contact with blood, body fluids, or skin or mucous membrane lesions of infected animals. Infection of secondary, i.e. human-to-human, cases may result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected subject, or objects recently contaminated with biological fluids or materials. from a patient’s lesions. Here’s to setting the scene!

Dr Tayeb Hamdi, medical specialist and researcher in health policies and systems, shared reassuring information with MoroccoLatestNews.fr on the cases discovered in Europe and the USA of Monkeypox monkeypox, and the main data on this zoonosis. This situation and health alerts are to be monitored and followed, but without reasons for excessive concern for the moment, neither for Morocco nor for the other countries?

“We will say that the discovery of cases of Monkeypox monkeypox, even if it triggered health alerts on the health level as well as a health watch on this subject from WHO authorities around the world , it is for the time being neither worrying for our country nor for the rest for the world” made a point of reassuring Dr Hamdi, “while waiting, he says, to see what are the modes of transmission of this viral disease which has fact that we are discovering more and more cases around the world and particularly in North America and Europe”.

It is a zoonosis, a virus which is transmitted from an infected animal (rodent primate, etc.) to humans and which is found mainly in Central Africa and West Africa in tropical areas. What makes the news of this fairly old viral disease (1970) is that cases appear here and there in Europe and North America when it was specific to a given region, Central Africa and South Africa. ‘west. The symptoms are of three families, the pseudo-flu like a flu, the lymphadenopathy (affection of the lymph nodes) and a dermatosis (lesions on the skin or cutaneous). These are symptoms that resemble those of smallpox (Smallpox) – a viral disease that has been eradicated for about forty years – or even chickenpox (Chickenpox) it is the same family of viruses and now monkeypox or ( Monkeypox).

As for the cases currently discovered “they have been observed among men who have sex with men, in short in the homosexual community”.

However, the specialist and researcher in health policies and systems will tell us, this does not mean that it is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). ” Also, the various modes of contamination by the blood, biological fluids, skin lesions of a subject or individual or mucous membranes of infected animals, close contacts, respiratory tract, or objects recently contaminated by biological fluids or materials from a patient’s lesions… “, he underlines.

When it comes to the disease itself, continues Dr. Hamdi, ” after these symptoms it is a benign evolution and in the majority of the cases the infected people recover in the two to four weeks which follow. This can be serious in children, especially young people. The WHO estimates the fatality rate between 1 and 10% “. As for the treatment of monkey pox, the researcher specified, “ there is no specific one for this virus and there is no vaccine either. That against smallpox (Smallpox) was 90% effective and as soon as this disease was eradicated, there was no longer any production of vaccines against smallpox whose virus is of the same family as that of Monkeypox.

Covid: Dr Tayeb Hamdi's projection towards a return to normal life

For the time being, our interlocutor will conclude, ” the cases discovered are under investigation to understand the transmissibility and to see how this virus is transmitted between humans. We will also try to find out if any animal has a role in this transmission. Is there an easier human-to-human transmissibility, is there a mutation of the virus and other conditions that allowed the rapid spread of this virus. Also people who present these symptoms must present themselves as soon as possible for consultation and be referred to the health authorities of the countries concerned in order to determine the mode of transmission.. We must be vigilant and watch, but we must not worry too much, at least for the time being”.

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